Constructs and Our Measures

Overview of Constructs & Our Measures - Resources for Researchers

  • In addition to Research Findings, this web page offers researchers more information, bout specific spiritual beliefs and practices that may help or harm family relationships. Listed below are several illustrative constructs that go well beyond 1 or 2 general questions on a given family member's involvement in organized religion. Initial research indicates that these specific constructs make a difference to family functioning and merit further research. See Relational Spirituality & Current State of Science for more information on why research on specific constructs is valuable. See Relational Spirituality Framework for more information on how these specific constructs fit into the research literature on faith and family relationships.
  • Below we provide pdf documents with additional background information on constructs we have examined, copies of our assessment tools on these constructs, and lists of published studies on that construct.

For Better Constructs & Our Tools -  “For better” refers to specific spiritual beliefs or behaviors that tend to improve family relationships

For Worse Construct & Tools -   “For worse” refers to specific spiritual beliefs or behaviors that tend to improve family relationships.

  • Desecration & Sacred Loss - interpreting something as spiritual injury 

    • For findings on sacred loss/desecration in the context of one's own divorce or when one's parents divorce, click Divorce as a Sacred Loss and Desecration This web page also lists studies on perceiving other aspects of life, besides divorce, as a sacred loss & desecration.
    • For sample items on desecration & sacred loss, click Divorce as a Sacred Loss and Desecration.  We will post our measures of divorce as a sacred loss & desecration on this web site at a later date. In meantime, researchers can find all items in tables of published studies on divorce & parental divorce by Krumrei & Mahoney  & Warner listed under Additional Readings. Likewise, researchers can find published items to assess perceiving other aspects of life, besides divorce, as a sacred loss or desecration in the corresponding published studies (e.g., seeing homosexuality as desecration of one's Christian faith; seeing Islam as a desecration of one's Christian faith; seeing Christianity as a desecration of one's Islamic faith).
  • Spiritual One-Upmanship - aligning with spiritually against others
    • For findings on spiritual one-upmanship in marriage and in parent-college student relationships, click Spiritual One-Upmanship.
    • For sample items on spiritual one-upmanship in marriage, see  Spiritual One-Upmanship. We will post our entire measure of spiritual one-upmanship used in our transition to parenthood study on this web site at a later date. In meantime, researchers can find items used in prior published studies on spiritual one-upmanship (a.k.a. theistic triangulation) in prior published studies listed under Additional Readings by Brelsford & Mahoney.
  • Spiritual\Religious Struggles in Coping - being in spiritual conflict