Campus Security Report
All crimes should be reported immediately to the police. For crimes occurring:
- On the BGSU main campus, call the BGSU Police Department at 419-372-2346.
- In the city of Bowling Green, call the Bowling Green Police Division at 419-352-2571.
- Outside of the city of Bowling Green, call the Police or Sheriff's Office in the jurisdiction where the crime occurred.
- At BGSU Firelands during regular business hours, call 419-433-5560, or the Erie County Sheriff’s Office at 419-625-7951.
- In the area surrounding BGSU Firelands and outside of regular business hours, call the Erie County Sheriff's Office at 419-625-7951.
Under Ohio's public records law (ORC 149.43) BGSU may not promise confidentiality to those who report crimes to anyone other than counselors at the Counseling Center, Psychological Services Center, or to a physician or nurse at the Falcon Health Center. Some off-campus reports may also be legally confidential (for example, to clergy and to staff at Unison). Reports confidential by law are not reported to the University for inclusion in our annual crime statistics.
Because of the public records law, Bowling Green State University does not have a policy that permits the confidential reporting of crimes for inclusion in the annual crime statistics report. However, information about crime reports will be kept as private as possible and will only be shared on an as-needed basis or as otherwise required by public records law. Crimes reported to the individuals holding the positions on the following list will be included in the statistics in our annual report, but no personally identifying information regarding persons involved in the incidents will be included in the annual report or on the crime log.
BGSU Main Campus
- BGSU Police Officers
- Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic and Student Affairs
- Associate Vice President for Student Affairs
- Chief Health Officer
- Chief Diversity & Belonging Officer
- Director, Office of Title IX/Title IX Coordinator
- Title IX Deputy Coordinators
- Title IX Investigator
- Director of Residence Life
- Associate Director of Residence Life for Housing
- Assistant Director of Residence Life
- Residence Life Coordinator for Leadership and Administration
- Residence Life Coordinator for Diversity and Retention Initiatives
- Residence Hall Directors
- Graduate Hall Directors
- Graduate SMART Coordinator, Residence Life
- Graduate Leadership Coordinator, Residence Life
- Graduate Academic Support Coordinator, Residence Life
- Chief Human Resources Officer
- Director of Intercollegiate Athletics
- Senior Associate Athletic Director and Senior Woman Administrator
- Senior Associate Athletic Director
- Assistant Athletic Director for Academics and Student Services/Deputy Title IX Coordinator
- Executive Director, International Programs & Partnerships
- Coordinator of International Student Services
- Coordinator of Education Abroad
- Dean of Students
- Associate Dean of Students
- Assistant Dean of Students
- Coordinator for Student Case Management
- Coordinator for Student Conduct
- Coordinator of Campus Activities
- Head Coach, Spirit Programs
- Coordinator for Fraternity and Sorority Life
- Graduate Assistants for Student Conduct and Case Management
- Director, Student Recreation Center
- Assistant Director - Perry Field House, Intramural Sports, Sport Clubs, Kids Camp
- Clubs Sport Director
- Director, Marvin Center for Student Leadership
- Assistant Director, Marvin Center for Student Leadership
- Director,Director, Parent, Family, and New Student Connections
- Assistant Director,Assistant Director, Parent, Family, and New Student Connections
- Director, Center for Women and Gender Equity
- Student Engagement Coordinator
- Director of the Center for Public Impact
- Director, Bowen-Thompson Student Union
- Erie County Sheriff’s Deputies
- Director of Budgets and Operations
- Coordinator of Student Engagement, Diversity and Inclusion
The BGSU Police Department, located in 100 College Park Office Building, provides the campus with 24-hour police protection by a fully certified staff of police officers, detectives, and dispatchers. The department supports the University's core values and continually seeks ways to improve the quality of police service the campus receives by working in partnership with students, faculty, and staff to enforce the law, provide quality services, reduce the fear of crime, and promote joint problem-solving. The BGSU Police Department actively investigates problems and incidents and searches for positive solutions to support a sense of security throughout the campus. BGSU maintains an open campus environment and encourages the community to participate in activities that are open to the public. However, the University reserves the right to restrict unauthorized persons from its grounds when appropriate.
The BGSU Police Department is staffed by 24 full-time police officers who have full police authority, meet all state law enforcement standards, and are state certified peace officers. The Ohio Revised Code (Section 3345.04) grants the University authority to designate employees as police officers who take an oath to uphold the rules of the institution and laws of the state.
The department provides law enforcement and security, a campus escort service, motorist assistance, educational programs, and crime prevention information for the campus community.
Uniformed officers patrol the campus using marked police cars, bicycles, and foot patrols and are empowered to arrest any offender and bring that person before the local court system for judgment. Likewise, the Division of Student Affairs is responsible for student conduct proceedings. The BGSU Police Department and the Office of the Dean of Students work collaboratively to resolve incidents of student misconduct that involve violations of University policy and procedures. The BGSU Title IX Coordinator assists in the resolution when misconduct involves sexual harassment and sexual violence.
The BGSU Police Department encourages accurate and prompt reporting of all crime. The BGSU Police investigate incidents of a criminal nature and initiate, before a court of law, any required legal action. If needed, immediate assistance is available from the City of Bowling Green Police Division, the Wood County Sheriff’s Office, the Ohio State Highway Patrol, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Investigation, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The BGSU Police Department has a mutual aid agreement with the City of Bowling Green Police Division. It has joint mutual aid agreements with all other state university police departments in Ohio, and with law enforcement agencies in northwest Ohio.
In addition to the sworn police officers, the BGSU Police Department employs a Student Safety Services staff comprised of Campus Service Officers and Camera Monitors that provide services for the University community. These are student employees who do not have statutory arrest powers, but work to assist police with security matters and service tasks.
AlertBG Emergency Text Message Service
The AlertBG system is a way of reaching students and staff in the event of an emergency. Text messages, emails, social media posts and messages displayed on the University’s homepage and digital signage across campus will be sent to warn of situations such as serious crimes in progress, emergencies affecting the campus community, building closures, severe weather and class cancellation. This tool is used in conjunction with the University’s overall Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, and will only be used in emergencies or for campus closures. The BGSU Police Department will send the initial messages. Students and employees who have cell phone numbers listed with the University will automatically be enrolled to receive AlertBG text messages. Everyone will receive the same message via their University email account. The service is provided through the Omnilert company.
Bicycles should be registered and can be engraved to aid in theft prevention and to assist in identification. Contact the City of Bowling Green Police Division, 175 W. Wooster, 419-352-1131 for more details.
The BGSU Police Department maintains the security of all buildings on the main campus and other facilities located off campus. University maintenance personnel inspect campus facilities and grounds regularly, make repairs and respond to reports of potential safety and security hazards such as broken windows and locks. Academic and administrative buildings have specific hours that buildings are open. University housing facilities are restricted to residents and invited guests. Only residents and authorized University personnel have keys to housing units. The primary responsibility for ensuring that the exterior doors of a living unit are secure rests with the residents. All residence halls have a single point of entry and students are required to use their BGSU ID/PED to enter a residence hall. All exterior doors of living units, except other designated doors, are locked at all times. Door propping is a violation of the Community Living Standards. After midnight, only residents or guests accompanied by a resident, showing identification, may enter a living unit.
Campus Escort Service
The campus escort service is a safe alternative to walking alone on campus after dark and is free. All escorts are student employees called Campus Service Officers who wear a photo ID and uniform shirts and are in direct communication with the BGSU Police Department. Walking escorts are provided to and from any on campus location from 8:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m. every day of the week during the fall and spring semesters. To arrange for an escort, phone 419-372-8360. At BGSU Firelands, contact the on-duty Erie County Sheriff’s Deputy by dialing ‘0’ from any campus phone.
Campus Service Officers
The BGSU Police Department annually employs Campus Service Officers (CSO) to assist BGSU Police with security of campus buildings and property on the main campus. The CSOs are responsible for checking interior and exterior doors and locks of campus buildings and campus parking areas. Using a department-issued radio, they are trained to report criminal or suspicious activity. They provide on campus walking escorts, vehicle unlocks and jumpstarts.
Crime Prevention Education
BGSU police officers are active all year giving crime prevention speeches, presentations, and programs. Our most popular programs are A.L.I.C.E. (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) training, Recognizing and Caring for Individuals in Distress, Sexual Assault Awareness, Personal Safety, Vehicle Safety, Theft Prevention, Alcohol & Drug Prevention, Underage Consumption Laws and Penalties, and OVI laws. The Wellness Connection offers presentations to the campus community related to alcohol and drugs,while the Center for Violence Prevention and Education provides presentations relative to relationship violence, sexual assault and bystander intervention.
Police officers tour the campus regularly to determine where additional exterior lighting may be needed, replaced, or repaired. Additionally, staff from the BGSU Police Department and Campus Operations tour campus together annually to assess lighting issues.
BGSU police officers are assigned to academic and administrative buildings and each of the residence halls, including on-campus Greek houses and other small group living units, to foster one-on-one contact with students and University staff. Additionally, officers are assigned and seek out various groups that represent our faculty, staff, and students. The goal is to create more community involvement in the policing process, reduce crime rates and increase law enforcement accountability. It can also lead to greater community satisfaction with law enforcement and increase quality of life for everyone who comprises the greater community. It is the focus of the Bowling Green State University Police Department to become involved with the community and various organizations by maintaining a cooperative and proactive approach to create a safer community, encouraging community engagement, and providing avenues of feedback.
Parking Services regulates the parking of motor vehicles on campus, handles parking lot maintenance and performs vehicle unlocks and jumpstarts. Contact the BGSU Parking Services Office in the College Park Office Building at 419-372-2776 for more details, or visit their website at http://www.bgsu.edu/parking. At the Firelands campus, contact the Office of Budget and Operations, 140 Foundation Hall, at 419-372-0685 for more details regarding parking services.
The BGSU Shuttle Service is available seven days a week during the fall and spring semesters. Click here for designated routes and times. A free cell phone app is available to track the shuttles along their routes.
Call 911 for a medical emergency.
Bowling Green State University's annual Campus Security and Fire Safety Report is the result of the efforts of many people. Each year individuals and organizations, both on and off campus, in accordance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, and the 2008 Higher Education Opportunity Act, submit their data for inclusion in the annual crime statistics. Crime reports and statistics are collected and tabulated by the BGSU Police Department. Fire safety information is gathered by staff in Environmental Health and Safety in collaboration with the BGSU Police Department. Statistics for the Firelands campus are collected in collaboration with Firelands campus staff and the Erie County Sheriff's Office. Every effort is taken to ensure that all persons required to report incidents to the BGSU Police for inclusion in this report in fact do so, and that our statistics are as accurate as possible. Therefore, some incidents that are reported to other campus security authorities (and not directly to the police) are included in the statistics.
Pursuant to federal law, the BGSU Police Department annually reports information to students and employees regarding institutional crime statistics. This report includes statistics for the previous three calendar years concerning reported crimes that occurred on campus, in certain off-campus buildings or property owned or controlled by BGSU, and on public property within, or immediately adjacent to and accessible from, the campus.
Crime statistics are compiled in accordance with the guidelines set forth by the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act and the 2008 Higher Education Opportunity Act. These figures include reports of crimes and arrests occurring on campus, in non-campus, University owned or affiliated buildings or property, and public property within the City of Bowling Green that is immediately adjacent to campus. These geographic areas are defined as follows:
- Any building or property owned or controlled by BGSU within the same reasonably contiguous geographical area and used by BGSU in direct support of, or in a manner related to, its educational purposes, including residence halls; and
- Any building or property that is within or reasonably contiguous to the areas identified in paragraph (1), that is owned by BGSU but controlled by another person, is frequently used by students, and supports institutional purposes (such as food or other retail vendor).
Most of the reported offenses and arrest statistics for the on-campus category are provided by the BGSU Police Department. Some are provided by the City of Bowling Green Police Division. For BGSU Firelands, the Erie County Sheriff’s Office and the Sandusky Police Department provided the reported offenses and arrest statistics.
Public property is defined as all public property, including thoroughfares, streets, sidewalks, and parking facilities, that is within the campus, or immediately adjacent to and accessible from the campus.
The reported offenses and arrest statistics for public property are provided by both the City of Bowling Green Police Division and the BGSU Police Department and consist of incidents occurring on streets, sidewalks and other public property immediately adjacent to campus. For BGSU Firelands, the Erie County Sheriff’s Office provided the information.
Non-Campus Building or Property
- Any building or property owned or controlled by a student organization that is officially recognized by the institution; or
- Any building or property owned or controlled by an institution that is used in direct support of, or in relation to, the institution's educational purposes, is frequently used by students, and is not within the same contiguous geographic area.
The Wood County Sheriff's Office, the Putnam County Sheriff’s Office, the Perrysburg Police Department and the Owens Community College Department of Public Safety provided the reported offenses and arrest statistics for the Non-Campus Buildings or Properties category. For BGSU Firelands, the Erie County Sheriff’s Office and the Sandusky Police Department provided the information. The BGSU Police Department makes a good faith effort to petition law enforcement agencies for crime statistics for properties BGSU owns or controls within their respective jurisdictions.
2018: Two total on-campus intimidation incidents characterized by racial bias, one of which was in on-campus housing.
2019: Two total on-campus intimidation incidents. One characterized by ethnicity and one characterized by sexual orientation. Both of which were in on-campus housing.
2020: There were no reported hate crimes during this year.
2018: No unfounded crimes during this year.
2019: Four unfounded crimes during this year.
2020: One unfounded crime during this year.
* There is no on‐campus housing at BGSU Firelands.
There were no reported hate crimes for the years 2018, 2019, and 2020.
There were no unfounded crimes for the years 2018, 2019, and 2020.
The following initial procedures are utilized when the Bowling Green State University Police Department is notified about a potential life safety situation that affects the BGSU campus and/or its constituents off campus. The University also has a Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan that addresses other aspects of responding to and recovering from emergencies and disasters.
- The BGSU police dispatcher receives notification of a potential life safety emergency.
- The dispatcher shares the information with the Officer in Charge and dispatches officers to verify the situation immediately.
- The Officer in Charge determines whether the situation requires consultation with other officials such as public health experts or Environmental Health and Safety personnel.
- The Officer in Charge determines whether the situation necessitates the notification of the campus community.
- If the Officer in Charge deems immediate notification should be disseminated to the campus community, a message is sent by the following means:
- AlertBG text message
- Email to student, faculty, and staff from firstname.lastname@example.org
- University homepage, Facebook and Twitter
- Digital signs across campus
- Once the initial information has been shared with the campus community, the Office of Marketing and Brand Strategy will take on the role of continued communication with the campus community and others.
- The BGSU Police dispatcher will send an “All Clear” message when the situation is over.
The above procedures will be acted upon without delay when a life safety issue is reported. Police officers will be immediately dispatched to the scene of the life safety situation in order to verify the situation and gather further information. The content of the message sent to the campus community will be determined by the BGSU Police Department in conjunction with the Office of Marketing and Brand Strategy and other University officials as appropriate. Further, the BGSU Police Department is responsible for determining which component(s) of the campus community will be notified of the potential life safety situation (ex. Bowling Green campus, BGSU Firelands or both).
Information will not be shared with the campus community when the BGSU Police Department determines that doing so would compromise the efforts of assisting those in peril.
Information will also be shared with the City of Bowling Green Police Division, the Ohio State Highway Patrol, and the Wood County Sheriff’s Office when necessary so they may assist in handling the situation and share information with the wider community. These agencies receive notification via phone, police radio contact and the AlertBG text messaging system.
- BGSU Police Department
- The Office of Marketing and Brand Strategy
- Information Technology Services
Additional means of providing on-going information concerning a potential life or life safety situation and its resolution include:
- Blast emails to campus
- Text messages sent via AlertBG
- University home page, Facebook, Twitter and digital signs
- Communication with BGSU police officers in patrol cars
- Residence Hall Directors for dissemination to students in the residence halls and Greek Village
- Campus media – BG 24 News, WBGU-FM 88.1, WFAL-AM 1610
To better prepare campus in the event of an emergency situation, Bowling Green State University conducts unannounced tests of the emergency notification process on the main campus at least once during each academic year with the entire campus community. A sample group is also utilized to test modifications and updates to the notification system as they occur. The University conducts announced tests of its Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan for the main campus at least once each calendar year with tabletop exercises, mock emergencies and drills. The Emergency Management Coordinator documents these tests and revises emergency plans as necessary based on the assessment and evaluation that occurs with each test. The institution’s emergency response procedures for specific types of emergencies can be found online and in the Comprehensive Emergency Action Plans for each building.
The following procedures are utilized when the Bowling Green State University Firelands Office of Budget and Operations is notified about a potential life safety situation that affects the BGSU Firelands campus and/or its constituents off campus.
- The BGSU Firelands Office of Budget and Operations secretary or the Switchboard Operator receives notification of a potential life safety emergency.
- The secretary or operator shares the information with the Director of Budget and Operations, and as necessary, the Plant Operations and Maintenance staff and the on- campus Erie County Sheriff’s Deputies and dispatches those staff and deputies to verify the situation immediately.
- The Director of Budget and Operations and the BGSU Firelands Dean determine whether the situation necessitates the notification of the campus community.
- If the Director of Budget and Operations and Dean deem immediate notification should be disseminated to the campus community, a message is sent by the following means:
- AlertBG text message, sent by the Director of the Office of Technology Support Services (OTSS) or designee
- Email to student, faculty, and staff from Dean’s Office or OTSS
- BGSU Firelands homepage.
- Once the initial information has been shared with the campus community, the Office of Marketing and Brand Strategy, in conjunction with the Dean and BGSU Firelands Director of Budget and Operations, will take on the role of continued communication with the campus community.
- The BGSU Firelands Director of Budget and Operations, OTSS, or designee will send an “All Clear” message when the situation is over, and instructed to do so by the Dean or Director of Budget and Operations.
The above procedures will be acted upon without delay when a potential life safety or life safety issue is reported. Deputies will be immediately dispatched to the scene of the reported life safety situation in order to verify the situation and gather further information. The content of the message sent to the campus community will be determined by the BGSU Firelands Dean or designee in conjunction with the Erie County Sheriff’s Office. They are also responsible for determining which component(s) of the campus community will be notified of the reported life safety situation.
Information will not be shared with the campus community when the Erie County Sheriff’s Office, in conjunction with the BGSU Firelands Dean or designee determines that doing so would compromise the efforts of assisting those in peril. If practical, the BGSU Director of Public Safety may be consulted as well.
Information will also be shared with the Huron City Police, the Ohio State Highway Patrol, and the Erie County Sheriff’s Office when necessary so they may assist in handling the situation and share information with the wider community. These agencies receive notification via phone, police radio contact and the AlertBG text messaging system.
- Office of Budget and Operations, including the Erie County Sheriff’s Deputy(ies) on duty
- Dean’s Office
- The Office of Marketing and Brand Strategy
- Office of Technology Support Services (OTSS) staff
Additional means of providing on-going information concerning a life safety or potential life safety situation and its resolution include:
- Blast emails to campus
- Text messages sent via AlertBG
- University and BGSU Firelands homepages
- Communication with the Erie County Sheriff’s Office and deputies
- Local media – WLEC (1450 AM)/WCPZ (102.7 FM)/WLKR (95.3 FM)/WKFM (96.1 FM)
- Emergency Desktop Alert System
- Emergency Mass Notification System (on-campus)
To better prepare campus in the event of an emergency situation, BGSU Firelands conducts unannounced tests of the emergency notification process at least once during each academic year with the entire campus community. A sample group is also utilized to test modifications and updates to the notification system as they occur.
The information in this section of the report regarding drug and alcohol use is provided in response to the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 (Public Law 101- 226), which require that the University show that it has adopted and implemented a program to prevent illicit use of drugs and the abuse of alcohol by students and employees.
|(Opium, Morphine, Codeine, Heroin, Hydromorphone, Meperidine, Methadone)||(Chloral Hydrate, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Methaqualone, Glutethimide)||(Cocaine, Amphetamines, Phenmetrazine, Methylphenidate)||(LSD, Mescaline & Peyote, Amphetamine Variants, Phencyclidine)||(Marijuana, Tetrahydrocannabinol, hashish, hashish oil)|
|Possible Effects||Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea||Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol
||Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite||Analogues, illusions, & hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance
||Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disoriented
|Effects of Overdose||Slow & shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death||Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death||Agitation, increase in body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death||Longer, more intense "trip" episodes, psychosis, possible death||Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis|
|Withdrawal Syndrome||Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating||Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death||Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation||Withdrawal syndrome not reported||Insomnia, hyperactivity, decreased appetite occasionally reported|
|Risk of Physical Dependence||High||Moderate to High||Possible||Unknown||Unknown|
|Risk of Psychological Dependence||High||Moderate to High||High||Unknown, High for Phencyclidine and analogs (i.e. PCP)||Moderate|
Bowling Green State University recognizes the seriousness of sex offenses, dating violence, domestic violence and stalking and commits itself to preventing such offenses. BGSU prohibits these crimes and all offenses of violence. The University Policy on Violence below outlines, in full, the University's commitment to a safe environment in which acts of violence are not tolerated.
Policies and Procedures
Students who report being victims of crimes are treated with dignity. The University acknowledges the support services of the Office of Title IX, Center for Violence Prevention and Education, Falcon Health Center, the BGSU Police Department, the Counseling Center, the Center for Women and Gender Equity, the BGSU Care Coalition, the Office of Residence Life, Student Legal Services, the Wellness Connection, the Office of the Dean of Students, the Division of Student Affairs, Behavioral Connections of Wood County, Firelands Dean’s Office, Erie County Sheriff’s Office, and Firelands Counseling and Recovery Services of Erie County. Many additional University offices also provide programming aimed at the prevention of crime.
It is the policy of BGSU that acts of violence, threats of violence or intimidation will not be tolerated. In its mission to become a premier learning institution, BGSU recognizes the importance of providing a safe environment for all students, faculty, and staff. In this community, victims and survivors will be treated with dignity and respect. Any person found in violation of this policy may be subject to conduct action. Violators may also be subject to criminal prosecution. For the purpose of this policy the following definitions apply:
- Acts of violence include any exercise of force against persons or property that could result in physical or emotional harm.
- Threats of violence include any verbal or non-verbal communication that inflicts harm.
- Intimidation includes any verbal or nonverbal act toward another person, the purpose of which may be to coerce, and the result of which could cause the other person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others.
In many situations, these actions are also considered criminal acts under the Ohio Revised Code. Acts defined in this subsection include, but are not limited to: physical assault or abuse, sexual assault or abuse, stalking, domestic violence, dating violence, verbal or other threats of physical or sexual assault, threats that may include a weapon and damage or destruction of another’s property. BGSU is committed to providing education, prevention, advocacy, intervention and support services which address acts of violence, threats of violence and intimidation. In addition, the University collaborates with community agencies and professionals in providing these services and referrals. All members of the BGSU community are asked to report violations of the policy on violence to appropriate authorities, such as the BGSU Police Department, the Office of the Dean of Students, BGSU Title IX Office, Firelands Dean’s Office, and the Erie County Sheriff’s Office.
Federal law requires convicted sex offenders to register for the purpose of community notification. In addition, these laws provide for the tracking of convicted sex offenders enrolled at or employed by institutions of higher education. The law requires sex offenders, already required to register in a specific state, to provide notice of each institution of higher education at which that person is employed or enrolled as a student. This registration is to be made available to law enforcement agencies with jurisdiction where the institution of higher education is located. Institutions of higher education are required to issue a statement advising the campus community where law enforcement agency information, provided by the state concerning registered sex offenders, may be obtained.
Persons seeking to obtain sex offender registration information relevant to the Bowling Green State University campus community may contact the Wood County Sheriff’s Office at 419-354-9001 or go to their website. For BGSU Firelands, persons can obtain information from the Erie County Sheriff's Office at 419-625-7951 or the website.
Rape, dating violence, domestic violence and stalking are crimes of power and control. These offenses reflect a total disregard for the rights and feelings of others.
Sexual assault, other forms of sexual harassment, dating violence, domestic violence and stalking can happen anywhere, at any time, to anyone. 1 in 5 college women and 1 in 16 college men will experience an attempted or completed sexual assault (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007). . It is also estimated that 1 in 4 transgender, genderqueer, nonconforming, and questioning students have experienced nonconsensual sexual contact (Association of American Universities, 2015). These are alarming statistics. BGSU does not tolerate violence or intimidation. The University is prepared to respond to these incidents whether they occur on campus or off campus. BGSU offers a variety of programs and services that focus on education, prevention, and response to sex offenses, relationship violence and stalking.
Students who are victimized can experience high levels of physical and psychological distress. Negative consequences of these incidents are wide-ranging and may include:
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Unwanted pregnancy
- Adoption of negative health practices (such as the misuse of alcohol or drugs, disordered eating, and smoking)
- Difficulty sleeping
- Symptoms of depression and anxiety
- Post-traumatic stress disorder, or other psychological disorders
- Difficulty concentrating on academic work
- Low self-esteem
- Problems with future intimacy or sexual functioning
In addition, there may be disruption of employment and expenditure of massive financial resources and time as a result of pursuing medical, social, psychological or legal services.
Survivors may blame themselves. Many offenses go unreported, which can result in survivors failing to obtain necessary medical, social, psychological, and legal assistance.
Crime definitions and categories (Paraphrased from the Ohio Revised Code.)
Ohio law defines this as any touching of an erogenous zone of another, including the thigh, genitals, buttocks, pubic region, areas particularly sensitive to sexual stimulation, or, if such person is female, breast(s), for the purpose of sexually arousing or gratifying either person.
Ohio law defines this as vaginal intercourse between a male and female, and anal intercourse or oral sexual activity between persons regardless of gender. Penetration with any body part or object, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal or anal intercourse.
Ohio law defines this as having sexual contact with another when the offender knows that the contact is offensive to the other person or is reckless in that regard; or the offender knows that the other person’s ability to appraise the nature of the contact or ability to control the contact is substantially impaired; or the offender knows the other person submits because they are unaware of the sexual contact.
Ohio law defines this as having sexual contact with another, by force or threat of force; or the offender substantially impairs the other person's judgment or control using drugs or intoxicants secretly or by force, threat of force, or deception.
Ohio law defines this as having sexual conduct with another by knowingly coercing the other person to submit; or the offender knows the other person’s ability to appraise the nature of or control their own conduct is substantially impaired; or the offender knows the other person submits because they are unaware that the act is being committed.
Ohio law defines this as engaging in sexual conduct by force or threat of force; or for the purpose of preventing resistance, offender substantially impairs victim's judgment or control by giving any drug/intoxicant secretly or by force, threat of force, or deception. Victim need not prove physical resistance.
Sexual assault is an umbrella term and not a legal definition. It includes the crimes of sexual imposition, gross sexual imposition, sexual battery and rape. It covers a wide range of actions that may violate criminal law and/or University policy when taken against a person without the person's knowing consent, against the person's will, or under force, threat of force, or coercion. Sexual activity occurring when someone is medicated, asleep, passed out, or substantially impaired by drugs or alcohol can also be illegal. In these situations a person cannot truly consent since she or he is not in a coherent state of mind.
Ohio law defines domestic violence as violence or threats of violence that occur between family or household members.
There is no legal definition in Ohio for dating violence. Statistics for dating violence in this report include incidents, other than domestic violence, where violence or the threat of violence is committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim.
While there is no legal definition for stalking in Ohio, there is another closely related law. Ohio law defines menacing by stalking as occurring when someone knowingly engages in a pattern of conduct that causes another person to believe that the offender will cause physical harm to the other person or cause mental distress to the other person.
Response to Sex Offenses, Dating Violence, Domestic Violence and Stalking
Rights, Policies and Procedures to be Followed
The student who has been the victim of a sex offense, dating violence, domestic violence or stalking has many options in seeking assistance. Although victims are not always sure about what has happened to them or what steps they can take, there are staff members specialized in victim advocacy who can assist the student in making informed choices. Students can receive assistance from the BGSU Police Department, Counseling Center, Office of the Dean of Students, BGSU Office of Title IX, BGSU Center for Violence Prevention and Education, Office of Residence Life, Falcon Health Center, Bowling Green City Police, Wood County Sheriff’s Office, Wood County Hospital, Wood County Prosecutor's Office, and The Cocoon. Additional sources of assistance for BGSU Firelands include the Erie County Sheriff’s Office, the Firelands Regional Medical Center and the Firelands Dean’s Office. It is the option of the student whether or not to seek legal, medical and/or psychological services. Victims are encouraged to seek medical attention and support even if they do not wish to report the incident to police.
It is important for a student who has been sexually assaulted to receive medical care to ensure physical well-being and to maintain the collection and preservation of evidence should the student choose to take legal action at any time in the future. Medical care may include emergency contraception, antibiotic treatment to address any sexually transmitted infections and specialized, physical examinations. Physical examinations and rape kits conducted at the Wood County Hospital or the Firelands Regional Medical Center are provided by a trained Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner. The purpose of the rape kit is for the collection of evidence. All rape kit evidence should be collected in the first 96 hours after the assault has occurred. Regardless if a student showers or changes clothing, a rape kit can still be collected. Having a rape kit completed does not mean that the case will go to court or that the student must press criminal charges. It does leave the option available and can greatly enhance the chances of a successful prosecution should the student make the decision to press charges at a later date. The medical facility that collects the evidence will contact police and transfer the rape kit to the police for them to store as evidence for an investigation in case the victim later chooses to report the incident to police.
In addition to the rape kit and clothing of the victim or suspect, other potential sources of evidence include bedding, condoms, any source of DNA evidence, cell phone records, text messages, voice mail messages, social media posts, photos and video footage. We encourage victims to report sex offenses and incidents of domestic violence, dating violence and stalking as soon as possible to assist in the evaluation of available evidence and the preservation of such evidence just in case the victim later decides to request a criminal or student conduct investigation.
- The victim of a reported sex offense, dating violence, domestic violence or stalking incident has the right to full and prompt cooperation from University personnel. Victims will be given written notification about existing counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance, visa and immigration assistance, student financial aid and other services available. Victims will also be provided with written notification about options for accommodations and protective measures, regardless of whether the victim wants to report the crime to police. Victims also have the right to pursue prosecution in a court of law. Even if the student does not want to press charges, they can speak with a police officer regarding the incident in order to keep all options open for the future. An advocate can help explain the difference between pressing charges and filing a report. The University will assist a victim with filing a report with the police if they choose to do so. BGSU police officers receive training in the investigation of sex offenses, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking. Officers are trained to first seek medical assistance for the survivor, then obtain vital information and evidence, which may be used in a later conduct or court action. All BGSU police officers have full police powers, which enable them to make arrests anywhere on the campus of Bowling Green State University. In addition, Bowling Green State University Police and the City of Bowling Green Police Division have a Mutual Aid Agreement which gives BGSU police officers full powers of arrest within the city of Bowling Green; likewise, the Bowling Green City Police have arrest powers on the campus of Bowling Green State University. In addition to the services provided by the Bowling Green campus, the Firelands campus also utilizes the services of the Erie County Sheriff’s Office
- Duty to Report: All University personnel with the exception of those providing mental health services are required to report that a felony has been or is being committed.
- Reporting Procedures On and Off Campus: On-campus incidents should be reported to the BGSU Police Department. All off-campus offenses should be reported to the City of Bowling Green Police Division or the local jurisdiction in which the incidents occurred. For BGSU Firelands, incidents should be reported to the Erie County Sheriff’s Office.
Options to Consider in Recovery
Crime can also affect a victim's academic performance. Students may seek assistance with academic issues through the Office of Title IX at 419-372-8476. The Title IX Coordinator will work collaboratively with the student's college office. At BGSU Firelands, students should seek assistance from the Office of the Dean at 419-372-0623.
Advocates from The Cocoon are trained in providing emotional support, information, referrals, plus medical and legal information for survivors of domestic and sexual violence. Advocates can be contacted at any point in the aftermath of an incident to provide assistance. However, the sooner an advocate is called and able to provide information and services, the more options a victim may have. To contact an advocate, call at 419-373-1730.
Often times, victims, knowingly or unknowingly, ingest alcohol and other substances prior to being victimized. In either case, a victim will not be penalized for underage consumption if an incident is reported to the police or the Office of the Dean of Students. Below are support resources.
If the perpetrator is a student, a victim may utilize the student conduct process, which is the University's system of conduct action for students. This course of action is an option even if the victim is not a student and is not choosing to pursue prosecution. If the alleged violator accepts or is found responsible for a violation of the Code of Student Conduct, the victim will be the given the opportunity to provide information for consideration on the outcome of the case. The standard of proof to be applied in all student conduct violations is “more likely than not” that a policy violation occurred. Proceedings will include a prompt, fair, and impartial process from the initial investigation to the final result. Potential sanctions range from a University warning to University conduct probation, discretionary sanctions and expulsion. A full list of student conduct sanctions can be found in the Code of Student Conduct located in the Student Handbook. All investigations will be conducted by a staff member who has received, at a minimum, annual training on issues related to dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking as well as investigation and hearing procedures that protect the safety of victims and promote accountability.
The student conduct process can be initiated through the Office of the Dean of Students at 419-372-2843. At the Firelands campus, students should seek assistance from the Office of the Dean at 419-372-0623.
While there is no legal definition of consent in Ohio law, BGSU uses the following definition of consent as outlined in the Title IX Sexual Harassment and Policy and Procedures, Policy 3341-2-41, which closely mirrors key points found in Ohio law:
- Consent is a clear and unambiguous agreement to engage in a particular activity. The person who initiates a sexual activity is responsible for obtaining consent for that activity.
- Consent must be expressed outwardly through mutually understandable words or actions. The person who initiates a sexual activity may not infer consent from silence, passivity, or a lack of resistance.
- A person who is incapacitated may not give consent.
- Consent must be voluntarily given. It cannot be obtained through coercion or force.
- Coercion is conduct that would reasonably place a person in fear, and that is used to compel that person to engage in sexual activity. Examples of coercive conduct include intimidation and express or implied threats of immediate or future harm to the person or others. Harm may be a physical, emotional, reputational, financial, or other injury to that person or another.
- Force is the use of physical action, strength or violence to compel a person to participate in sexual activity
- Consent must not be inferred from an existing or previous dating or sexual relationship. Even within an existing relationship, the parties must consent to engage in any sexual activity each time it occurs.
- Consent to one sexual activity is not consent to another sexual activity, nor is it consent to the same sexual activity at another time.
- A person may withdraw consent at any time. If consent is withdrawn, the sexual activity must stop immediately.
- To determine under this Policy whether consent was sought and given, BGSU will evaluate what was known by the parties, or reasonably should have been known, when all the relevant circumstances are considered.
Counseling can be an integral part of recovery. The referral sources listed below include on-and off-campus counseling and advocacy services, as well as various support groups.
- BGSU Counseling Center, 104 College Park, 419-372-2081
- BGSU Psychological Services, Psychology Building, Suite 300, 419-372-2540
- Therapeutic Intervention Project, 419-352-5387
- Firelands Regional Medical Center/ Firelands Counseling and Recovery Services, 419-557-7400
- Wood County Crisis Line, 419-502-HOPE (4673)
Supportive measures are non-disciplinary, non-punitive individualized services offered as appropriate, as reasonably available, and without fee or charge to the complainant or the respondent before or after the filing of a formal complaint or where no formal complaint has been filed. Such measures are designed to restore or preserve equal access to BGSU’s education programs or activities without unreasonably burdening the other party, including measures designed to protect the safety of all parties or BGSU’s educational environment. BGSU provides supportive measures after the Office of the Dean of Students or Title IX Office receives notice of Prohibited Conduct but before any outcome has been decided. These measures typically are kept in place until the matter is resolved but may be extended when warranted.
Supportive measures may include counseling, extensions of deadlines or other course-related adjustments, modifications of work or class schedules, campus escort services, mutual restrictions on contact between the parties, changes in work or housing locations, leaves of absence, increased security and monitoring of certain areas of the campus, and other similar measures.
The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for coordinating the effective implementation of supportive measures. A complainant or respondent may meet with the Title IX Coordinator to discuss the adequacy or need for supportive measures.
BGSU will maintain as confidential any supportive measures provided to the complainant or respondent, to the extent that maintaining such confidentiality would not impair the ability of BGSU to provide the supportive measures.
Implementation of supportive measures does not mean or suggest that BGSU has made any decision about the merits of the report.
Additional accommodations and protective measures through BGSU are also available including No Contact Orders and housing/facility restrictions. These accommodations and/or interim measures can be requested through the Office of the Dean of Students and/or Title IX Coordinator. Staff members in either the Office of Title IX or Office of the Dean of students can also assist complainants in connecting with a victim’s advocate through The Cocoon.
Cocoon Advocates can also provide additional assistance regarding seeking a Civil Protection Order (CPO) or a Temporary Protection Order (TPO) through the courts.
A “TPO” is a court order issued in connection with a criminal case involving domestic abuse or stalking. The order generally requires the offender to stay away from the protected person and have no contact in any way, even through a third person, with the protected person. Generally, the offender is ordered to stay away from the residence, the business and other necessary locations of the protected person. The order lasts only as long as the criminal case. It is a criminal offense to violate a TPO. A TPO is ordered by the court as part of a criminal case. In order to obtain a TPO, certain charges, such as Domestic Violence or Stalking, must already be filed. If the court has not already issued a TPO as part of the case, a victim may request one by appearing before the court in which the case is pending.
A “CPO” is issued through the Domestic Relations Court. No criminal case need be pending, but it must involve a domestic relationship and there must be violence or legitimate fear of violence that can be articulated to a judge or magistrate. The order is generally similar to the guidelines set out above for a TPO. It is a criminal offense to violate a CPO. To initiate a CPO you would begin by contacting the Wood County Clerk of Court’s office at 1 Court House Square in Bowling Green. At the Firelands campus, contact the Erie County Clerk of Court’s office at 323 Columbus Ave. in Sandusky.
A “No Contact Order” from the court is separate from a no contact order by BGSU. This is an order by a court in a criminal action that the criminal defendant not have contact with the protected person. The protected person may be a victim, a witness, a co-defendant or anyone else the court determines may be negatively affected by contact from the defendant. The order may be issued as a condition of probation if the defendant has been convicted of the offense or of bond if the case is still pending. Violation of this order may subject the Defendant to answering to the court for violating his probation or his bond conditions. Violation of a No Contact Order itself is not a criminal offense. However, in dangerous situations, the police should always be called.
In all of these instances, the responsibility to comply with the Order is entirely on the person who was ordered, not on the protected person.
BGSU may remove a respondent from any BGSU education program or activity on an emergency basis, provided that BGSU first undertakes an individualized safety and risk analysis, determines that an immediate threat to the physical health or safety of any student or other individual arising from the allegations of sexual harassment justifies removal, and provides the respondent with notice and an opportunity to challenge the decision immediately following the removal.
This section does not limit BGSU’s ability to suspend a respondent under Ohio Rev. Code § 3345.22 or other applicable law.
BGSU may place a non-student employee respondent on administrative leave during the pendency of the university resolution procedure described in the Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy and Procedures and any subsequent processes.
Victims may be eligible for victim's compensation for costs incurred as a result of the crime. More information is available about such compensation at 419-352-1545.
Procedures for Alleged Instances of Sexual Assault Offenses, Dating Violence, Domestic Violence and Stalking
The Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy and Procedures, Policy 3341-2-41 applies to BGSU students and employees in a BGSU education program or activity. This policy also designates “mandatory reporters” and specifies the duties applicable to those faculty, staff, and volunteers.
BGSU has jurisdiction under this Policy whenever the Prohibited Conduct occurs on campus or in any building owned or controlled by a Registered Student Organization.
BGSU also has jurisdiction when Prohibited Conduct occurs off campus (including online or electronic conduct) in the United States if it occurs in connection with a BGSU education program or activity, including BGSU-sponsored research or internship programs or any other location, event, or circumstance in which BGSU exercised substantial control over both the respondent and the context in which the Prohibited Conduct occurred.
BGSU strongly encourages prompt reporting of conduct that may violate the Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy and Procedures. Anyone may make a report, including a student, employee, visitor, or other third party. A person may choose to make a report to the university, to law enforcement, or to both. BGSU will make support and resources available to a person making a report no matter which option they choose.
BGSU wants every student or employee who may have experienced harm to have access to resources to get help and assistance. BGSU and the community offer a number of resources that can provide support and guidance in response to any incident of harm.
Confidential and Non-Confidential Resources
BGSU recognizes that there is an important difference between making a complaint to the university, a community resource, seeking confidential assistance, and making a complaint to law enforcement. Many campus and community resources are not confidential. This section outlines the confidential and non-confidential resources available to individuals who have experienced harmful conduct.
Confidential resources are professionals who are required by law to protect confidentiality or assigned as a confidential resource by BGSU. A confidential resource must not reveal information disclosed in confidence unless they are given permission by the person who disclosed it, or there is an imminent threat of harm, or suspected abuse of a person under the age of eighteen, or as otherwise required or permitted by law or court order.
Confidential resources available to BGSU students include the BGSU Counseling Center, The Cocoon, Psychological Services Center, and the Falcon Health Center (for Firelands Campus this includes Firelands Counseling and Recovery Services). Clergy and mental and medical health care providers are also confidential resources.
BGSU employees who are not confidential resources will seek to respect the privacy of all individuals. Reported information about Prohibited Conduct will be shared only with BGSU employees who need to know the information to assess, investigate, and resolve the report.
Awareness and Prevention of Sex Offenses, Dating Violence, Domestic Violence and Stalking
Bowling Green State University (BGSU) prohibits the crimes of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking. BGSU works closely with The Cocoon (a local rape crisis and domestic violence organization) to develop and implement programs to prevent dating violence, domestic violence, sex offenses and stalking.
Several departments on the BGSU campus are involved in coordination of programming and information dissemination including: the BGSU Office of Title IX, BGSU Care Coalition, BGSU Police Department, Counseling Center, the Wellness Connection, the Office of Human Resources, Center for Violence Prevention and Education, and the Center for Women and Gender Equity.
Programs that are provided are tailored to the BGSU community and the needs of our students and employees. BGSU works to make sure these programs are culturally relevant and inclusive to all parts of the community. The programs provided are informed by research. View the primary and on-going prevention and awareness programs in 2020 offered by BGSU.
BGSU Care Coalition
A community of care is one in which its members are noticeably connected by a sense of duty to each other’s wellbeing and the creation of an inclusive culture. This duty is manifested by the members of the community having the knowledge and skills to respectfully intervene with each other in times of need as well as the awareness to recognize when another is in need. Members also promote a culture of respect and social justice exemplified by a willingness to stand up against injustice, discrimination, and violence. The BGSU Care Coalition comprises community representatives, students, faculty members, counselors, health-care professionals, health educators, law enforcement officers and Residence Life staff.
Prevention of Sex Offenses
The responsibility of preventing sexual assault lies with the person initiating sexual behavior, as that is the person who has the power to stop what he or she is doing. With this in mind, these are things to consider when initiating sexual behavior:
- Sexual assault is a crime and violation of the Code of Student Conduct, the BGSU sexual harassment policy and the BGSU policy on violence. As such, being found responsible for a Code of Student Conduct violation involving "sexual contact without permission" can result in a maximum sanction of expulsion from BGSU. Additionally, criminal charges could be brought forward as well as civil litigation within the court system.
- Because sexual assault is a crime of power and control, the most important thing to consider when engaging in sexual behavior is the CONSENT of the other person involved. Only a person's consent gives one the right to engage in sexual contact. Therefore, consent must be many things, including:
- (a.) One's sexual partner must be given every opportunity to communicate his/her wishes and limits on the degree of behavior that is initiated. No means no, and when in doubt, ask first. It is always better to hear a yes when seeking consent.
- (b.) Consent can only be given by a person who is in control of his or her mental capacities. A person who is substantially impaired by drugs or alcohol is not legally in a position to give consent.
- (c.) Even if a person has agreed to be sexually involved with someone, that person has the right to withdraw consent at any time, even during behavior that might already be interpreted as sexual. Consent is not implied by the fact that dinner was bought for someone, or that the parties were sexually involved in the past or even if someone was seemingly "led on" by another's behavior.
- (d.) Use of force, threats, intimidation, or coercion is a willful denial of a person's right to freely give his/her consent.
The well-being of the other person is of the utmost importance during any sexual encounter. Be aware of what your partner is saying or not saying during an encounter. When in doubt about proceeding to the next level of intimacy, ask. Checking in with your partner about what you are doing is a way of sharing the power and control of the situation that was initiated by you with them. This keeps the interaction an equal and safe situation for both parties.