Artillery Units

Artillery units were recruited from all over the state. Those represented in detail here are the ones recruited primarily from northwest Ohio counties. The roster listings here show only those members of the unit who wrote letters to their local newspapers.

The Regiment was organized at Ravenna, Cincinnati, Camp Dennison, Cleveland, Columbus, and Camp Chase, Ohio from August 6, 1861 to June 4, 1862, to serve three years. On the expiration of its term of service the original members (except veterans) were mustered out, and the organization composed of veterans and recruits retained in service. The organization was mustered out by Batteries at different dates, from June 15 to July 31, 1865, in accordance with orders from the War Department.

Battery A, 1st OVLA

This Battery was mustered into service September 6, 1861, at Camp Chase, Ohio; mustered out July 31, 1865, at Camp Cleveland, Ohio. Battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Dog Walk, KY, October 9, 1862
  • Stone River, TN, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863
  • Tullahoma Campaign, TN, June 23-30, 1863
  • Hoover's Gap, TN, June 24, 1863
  • Liberty Gap, TN, June 25, 1863
  • Chickamauga, GA, September 19-20, 1863
  • Chattanooga, TN, November 23-25, 1863
  • Dalton, GA, May 9, 1864
  • Resaca, GA, May 13-16, 1864
  • Kenesaw Mountain, GA, June 9-30, 1864
  • Peach Tree Creek, GA, July 20, 1864
  • Atlanta, GA (Siege), July 28-September 2, 1864
  • Columbia, TN, November 24-28, 1864
  • Spring Hill, TN, November 29, 1864
  • Franklin, TN, November 30, 1864

Roster - Battery A, 1st OVLA

Private Lester A. Elster

Lester A. Elster enlisted as a 29 year old Private in Battery A, 1st Ohio Light Artillery on September 25, 1861, mustering into service the same day. He was discharged for promotion into the U.S. Army Hospitals on July 2, 1863 at Nashville, Tennessee.
Letter: Norwalk Experiment: January 6, 1862

Battery B, 1st OVLA

This Battery was mustered into service October 8,1861 at Cincinnati, Ohio; mustered out July 22, 1865, at Camp Cleveland, Ohio. Battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Wild Cat, KY, October 21, 1861
  • Mill Springs, KY, January 19-20, 1862
  • Perryville, KY, October 8, 1862
  • Lavergne, TN, December 26, 1862
  • Stone River, TN, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863
  • Tullahoma Campaign, TN, June 23-30, 1863
  • Chickamauga, GA, September 19-20, 1863
  • Chattanooga, TN, November 23-25, 1863

Roster - Battery B, 1st OVLA

Corporal Merwin Blanchard

Merwin Blanchard enlisted as a 33 year old Corporal in Battery B, 1st Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery on September 5, 1861, mustering into service October 8, 1861. He was discharged for disability April 18, 1863 at Columbus, Ohio. He reenlisted in the battery the following year February 12, 1864, serving with it until mustered out July 22, 1865.
Letter: Elyria Independent Democrat: February 12, 1862

Battery D, 1st OVLA

Williams' Independent Battery. The Battery was mustered into service October 17, 1861, at Cincinnati, Ohio; mustered out July 15, 1865 at Camp Cleveland, Ohio. Battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Munfordville, KY, September 14-16, 1862
  • Lavergne, TN, December 26, 1862
  • Knoxville, TN (Siege of), November 17-December 4, 1862
  • Kingston, GA, May 24, 1864
  • Atlanta, GA (Siege of), July 28-September 2, 1864
  • Franklin, TN, November 30, 1864
  • Nashville, TN, December 15-16, 1864

Roster - Battery D, 1st OVLA

Corporal Jeriboam "Jerry" B. Creighton - Battery D

Jeriboam B. Creighton enlisted as a 33 year old Private on June 28, 1861 in Williams' Independent Battery and was promoted to Corporal July 1, 1861. He was mustered out November 6, 1861. He later served in Battery A, 1st Ohio Light Artillery, enlisting February 16, 1864 and mustering out July 31, 1865 at Camp Cleveland, Ohio.
Letter: Tiffin Weekly Tribune: July 28, 1861

Battery E, 1st OVLA

The Battery was mustered into service October 7, 1861, at Camp Dennison, Ohio; mustered out July 10, 1865, at Camp Dennison, Ohio. Battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Lavergne, TN, November 1862
  • Stone River, TN, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863
  • Missionary Ridge, TN, November 25, 1863
  • Nashville, TN, December 15-16, 1864

Articles about the Unit/Anonymous Letters

Letters:
"Cannoneer" Elyria Independent Democrat: July 16, 1862, August 13, 1862, December 10, 1862
"J.B.W." Elyria Independent Democrat: August 5, 1863, September 9, 1863
"Quid Nuc" Elyria Independent Democrat: October 7, 1863, October 14, 1863, November 18, 1863

Battery G, 1st OVLA

This Battery was mustered into service December 17, 1861, at Camp Dennison, Ohio. Mustered out August 31, 1865 at Camp Chase, Ohio by Charles Sprawl, Captain and ADC. some of the battles in which the unit participated include:

  • Pittsburg Landing, TN, April 6-7, 1862
  • Corinth, MS (advance on), May 1-30, 1862
  • Franklin Pike, TN, September 7, 1862
  • Stone River, TN, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863
  • Tullahoma Campaign, TN, June 23-30, 1863
  • Dug Gap, GA, September 11, 1863
  • Chickamauga, GA, September 19-20, 1863
  • Missionary Ridge, TN, November 25, 1863
  • Lavergne, TN, September 1, 1864
  • Franklin, TN, September 2, 1864
  • Campbellville, TN, September 5, 1864
  • Pulaski, TN, September 27, 1864
  • Spring Hill, TN, November 29, 1864
  • Franklin, TN, November 30, 1864
  • Nashville, TN, December 15-16, 1864

Newspaper Articles about the Unit/Anonymous Letters

"Thomas Major" (name not found in roster) Perrysburg Journal
6/17/1863, 7/22/1863, 8/19/1863, 9/2/1863, 10/7/1863, 11/4/1863, 11/18/1863, 12/23/1863
3/23/1864, 4/13/1864, 9/28/1864, 11/9/1864, 11/23/1864, 12/14/1864

Battery H, 1st OVLA

The Battery was mustered into service November 7, 1861 at Camp Dennison, Ohio. Mustered out June 14, 1865, at Cleveland Ohio, by Silas Ramsey, Major and ADC. Some of the battles in which the unit participated include:

  • Winchester, VA, March 22, 1862
  • Fort Republic, VA, June 9, 1862
  • Fredericksburg, VA, December 10-17, 1862
  • Chancellorsville, VA, May 1-4, 1863
  • Gettysburg, PA, July 1-3, 1863
  • Cold Harbor, VA, June 1-12, 1864
  • Petersburg, VA, June 15-20, 1864

Roster - Battery H, 1st OVLA

Officers


Captain James F. Huntingdon - Battery H

Enlisted 10/4/1861 as Captain, resigned commission 10/27/1863.
Letter: Toledo Blade- 7/9/1862

1st Lieutenant William A. Ewing, "Wanderer" - Battery H

Enlisted as a Corporal 10/19/1861, mustered in 11/7/1861, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant 4/1/1862, promoted to 1st Lieutenant 6/4/1863, mustered out 10/24/1864.

Letters: Toledo Blade- 11/29/1861, 2/10/1862, 4/3/1862, 6/30/1862, 7/22/1862, 10/13/1862, 11/4/1862, 11/22/1862, 12/13/1862, 12/19/1862, 1/28/1863, 3/6/1863, 6/23/1863, 7/11/1863, 7/18/1863, 12/11/1863, 1/26/1864, 4/25/1864, 6/15/1864, 7/20/1864

1st Lieutenant Martin B. Ewing, "Battery Shields" - Battery H

Enlisted 10/19/1861 as 2nd Lieutenant, mustered in 11/7/1861, promoted to 1st Lieutenant 1/7/1863, resigned commission 6/4/1863. Enlisted as Major of 2nd Ohio Heavy Artillery 7/1/1863, promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 8/15/1863, mustered out with regiment 8/23/1865 at Nashville, TN.

Letter: Toledo Blade- 6/21/1862

1st Lieutenant William H. Perigo - Battery H

Enlisted 10/26/1861 as Corporal, mustered in 11/7/1861, promoted to Sergeant 5/1/1863, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant 6/14/1864, promoted to 1st Lieutenant 2/8/1865, mustered out with battery 6/14/1865 at Cleveland, OH.

Letter: Toledo Blade- 5/14/1863
Wood County Independent- 5/15/1863.

Non-Commissioned Officers and Enlisted Personnel


Corporal George Frederick "Frederick" Spencer - Battery H

Enlisted 8/5/1862 as a Private, appointed Corporal, mustered out with battery 6/14/1865 at Cleveland, OH.

Letter: Toledo Blade- 5/8/1863

Private Harlow J. Boice - Battery H

Enlisted 10/31/1861 as a Private, discharged for disability 2/21/1863 at Fort Delaware, DE.

Letter: Toledo Blade- 10/21/1862

Private William E. Parmalee, Jr. - Battery H

Enlisted, age 18, August 5, 1862 for three years; appointed Corporal, March 31, 1864; Sergeant, September 29, 1864; promoted to 2nd Lieutenant February 8, 1865; mustered out with battery June 14, 1865

Letter: Toledo Daily Commercial- 5/14/1863

Private John L. Pray - Battery H

Enlisted, age 25, September 28, 1861 for 3 years; transferred to Signal Corps January 1, 1864

Letter: Toledo Daily Commercial- 5/18/1863

Private Herbert H. Walker - Battery H

Enlisted, age 21, August 6, 1862 for 3 years; served as bugler; mustered out with battery June 14, 1865

Letter: Toledo Daily Commercial - 2/7/1863

Newspaper Articles about the Unit/Anonymous Letters

"D.," Toledo Blade, 11/1/1864
"Officer," Toledo Blade, 5/9/1863
"Private," Toledo Blade, 9/22/1863
"P.," Toledo Blade, 10/6/1863
"Smoker," Perrysburg Journal, 11/25/1863
"Soldier," Toledo Daily Commercial, 4/15/1863

Websites

8th Ohio Battery, Independent Light Artillery

This Battery was mustered into service March 11, 1862, at Camp Dennison, Ohio by P. H. Breslin, Captain 18th Infantry, US Army, to serve three years. On the expiration of its term of service, the original members, except veterans, were mustered out and the organization, composed of veterans and recruits retained in service until August 7, 1865, when it was mustered out, at Camp Dennison, Ohio, by Charles Newbolt, 1st Lieutenant, 5th Infantry, US Army.

Some of the battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Pittsburg Landing, TN, April 6-7, 1862
  • Corinth, Mississippi (advance on), April 30-May 30, 1862
  • Chickasaw Bayou, MS, December 28-29, 1862
  • Arkansas Post, AR, January 11, 1863
  • Raymond, MS, May 12, 1863
  • Champion Hills, MS, May 16, 1863
  • Vicksburg, MS (Siege of), May 18-July 4, 1863
  • Jackson, MS, July 9-16, 1863

Roster

Officers

Captain James F. Putnam

James F. Putnam enlisted as a 22 year old Private in the 8th Ohio Battery on December 17, 1861, mustering into service March 11, 1862. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant to date July 9, 1862, then promoted to First Lieutenant to date December 9, 1862, and finally to Captain on February 4, 1863. He was mustered out August 7, 1865 at Camp Dennison, Ohio.
Letters: Darke County Democrat- April 23, 1862, May 7, 1862

Websites

11th Ohio Battery, Independent Light Artillery

This Battery was mustered into service October 27, 1861, at St. Louis Arsenal, Missouri, by George B. Sanford, Lieutenant 1st Cavalry, US Army, to serve three years. It was mustered out November 5, 1864, on expiration of term of service, at Columbus, Ohio, by John Simons, 1st Lieutenant 4th Infantry, US Army. The recruits and veterans were transferred to the 5th Independent Battery, Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery. Some of the battles in which this unit participated include:

  • New Madrid, Missouri, March 13, 1862
  • Corinth, Mississippi (advance on), April 30-May 30, 1862
  • Iuka, Mississippi, September 19-20, 1862
  • Corinth, Mississippi, October 3-4, 1862
  • Vicksburg, Mississippi (siege of), May 18-July 4, 1863
  • Marks Mills, Arkansas, April 25, 1864

Roster

Officers

Captain Cyrus A. Sears

Cyrus A. Sears was born March 10, 1832 in Delaware Co., New York and came with his father's family, in January, 1836, to Crawford County, where he remained on a farm until of age. He graduated at the Cincinnati Law School April, 14, 1856, and, in June of the same year, was admitted to the bar at Upper Sandusky. He commenced practice at Bucyrus, April 1, 1857, and continued until June 15, 1859, when he removed to Upper Sandusky and continual practice. October 12, 1861, he was enrolled a private, at Cincinnati, in the 11th Ohio Independent Battery of Light Artillery, and was promoted to First Lieutenant to date October 27, 1861. He participated in the siege of New Madrid and Island No. 10, and commanded the battery during the siege of Corinth, and also at the battle of Iuka, where his battery lost fifty-six men and he was severely wounded. For his actions, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.

In his official order on this battle, Gen. Rosecrans states that "The 11th Ohio Battery, under Lieutenant Sears, was served with unequaled bravery, under circumstances of danger and exposure, such as rarely, perhaps never, have fallen to the lot of a single battery during the war."

Sears' account of his experience at Iuka is quoted here from Deeds of Valor:

"At Iuka, the 11th Ohio Battery under my command made a most desperate fight, which was not only returned full measure, pressed down and overflowing, but in which it lost, in killed and wounded, over 52 percent of its entire force and over 88 percent of its combatants or cannoneers-or 48 out of 54 men.

The part taken by this battery in the field was in violation of orders. When we reached a point just south of its battle ground-which was done under pretty heavy fire from the enemy's artillery and infantry-I was ordered to 'form in battery' at a point designated, and 'await further orders.' These orders never came, but the enemy did, in force, sneaking up with their pieces at 'charge bayonets,' in plain view and at easy canister range. Though just then there was a comparative lull in the enemy's firing, their bullets were s-s-z-z-zipping among the battery with very uncomfortable frequency, and occasionally winging a two or four-footed victim. On the charging masses came, 150 or 200 yards. Still the battery was waiting 'further orders,' every man at his post, toeing the mark, with everything 'ready' under fire.

Of course, this wait was not actually long, though it seemed longer than the whole fight. Naturally, the boys grew uneasy, and chafed from seeing such splendid chances for the most beautiful pot-shot going to waste, and gave expression to views on the conduct of the war accordingly.

For example, one sergeant said: 'By God, I guess we're going to let them gobble the whole damned shooting match before we strike a lick, if we don't mind and quickly too.'

A corporal replied: 'I guess we are obeying orders.' 'Damn the orders! To wait for orders in a time like this!' the sergeant retorted.

This dialogue struck a responsive chord in my mind, and was, perhaps, the last straw that moved me to take a chance and shoulder the responsibility. I gave the order: 'With canister, load, aim low, and give them hell as fast as you can!' And so the fight was on.

Before the end it became evident that the position of the guns of this battery had become so much the bone of contention in that fight, that everything else, both flags, the Union and the Confederacy, and even the 'damned rigger' were forgotten in that all-absorbing, handspike and ramrod, rough-and-tumble, devil-take-the-hindmost fight for those six guns.

I was wounded, and after the battle was ordered home to Ohio for repairs."

Following several months of recuperation in Ohio, Sears was discharged from the 11th Ohio Battery to dated May 25, 1863 and was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the 11th Louisiana Infantry, African Descent on May 26, 1863 and commanded the regiment with great credit at the battle of Millken's Bend on June 7, 1863. In a letter to his superior officer, dated March 25, 1866, Col. Vail E. Young, commanding the post of Vicksburg, says: "Lieut. Col. Sears was specially mentioned in official reports of the battle of Iuka, and recommended for promotion for gallant conduct, by Gens. Hamilton, Rosecrans and Grant. He was also conspicuously gallant at the battle of Milliken's Bend, Sears served with this regiment throughout the remainder of the war until he was mustered out on March 22, 1866. He returned home to Wyandot County and within a few years owned a half interest in the Stevenson Machine Works which he sold in 1872. He was a member of the Oak Hill Cemetery Association and later worked as the postmaster of Pitt Twp. He started another mercantile business in Fowler, Ohio that grew into the Harpster, Sears, and McCampbell firm; he also served on the Fowler Board of Education. Cyrus Sears died November 30, 1909 and is buried at Oak Hill cemetery in Upper Sandusky, Wyandot Co., Ohio.

Articles:

Wyandot Democratic Union- February 25, 1864 pg. 1

Letters: Wyandot Pioneer

October 4, 1861 pg. 2
November 15, 1861 pg. 2
November 22, 1861 pg. 2
December 13, 1861 pg. 2
March 28, 1862 pg. 2
May 2, 1862 pg. 2
May 30, 1862 pg. 2
June 20, 1862 pg. 2 (2 letters)
October 3, 1862 pg. 3
June 12, 1863 pg. 2

Non-Commissioned Officers and Enlisted Personnel

Corporal Henry C. Worley

Henry C. Worley enlisted as a 26 year old Private on September 17, 1861 and was mustered into service October 27, 1861 at St. Louis, Missouri. He was promoted to Corporal in 1862 and was badly wounded September 19, 1862 at the Battle of Iuka, Mississippi. He was discharged for this wound August 12, 1863.

Letters:

[No title]. Wyandot Pioneer- January 24, 1862 pg. 2, February 6, 1863 pg. 3
"Battery." Letter: Wyandot Pioneer- April 10, 1863 pg. 3
"Battery Boys." Letter: Wyandot Pioneer- February 7, 1862 pg. 2
"J.L.B." Letter: Wyandot Pioneer- January 3, 1862 pg. 2

Newspaper Articles about the Unit/Anonymous Letters

[Casualties from Iuka] Wyandot Pioneer- October 3, 1862, pg. 2
Wyandot Pioneer- October 24, 1862 pg. 2
Wyandot Democratic Union- October 2, 1862 pg. 3

Websites

12th Ohio Battery, Independent Light Artillery

This Battery, formerly Company D, 25th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was organized at Camp Jackson, Ohio, June 8, 1861, to serve three years. It was permanently detached, as a battery, March 17, 1862. On the expiration of its term of service, the original members, except veterans, were mustered out and the organization, composed of veterans and recruits retained in service until July 10, 1865, when it was mustered out at Camp Chase, Ohio, by B. L. Fletcher, Lieutenant 4th Cavalry, US Army, in accordance with orders from the War Department.

Some of the battles in which this unit participated include:

  • McDowell, VA, May 8, 1862
  • Cross Keys, VA, June 8, 1862
  • Bull Run, VA, August 30, 1862
  • Franklin, TN, November 30, 1864
  • Nashville, TN, December 15-16, 1864

Roster

Officers

 

 

First Lieutenant Alphonso E. Gregory

Alphonso E. Gregory enlisted as an 18 year old Corporal in Company D, 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry on June 8, 1861, mustering into service the same day. The company was mustered into service as the 12th Ohio Battery on March 17, 1862, and Gregory was promoted to Sergeant on January 14, 1863. He was soon after commissioned Second Lieutenant to date May 28, 1863 and First Lieutenant to date September 30, 1863. He was mustered out June 25, 1864.
Letter: Norwalk Reflector: April 21, 1863

 

 

Websites

This Battery was mustered into service February 1, 1862, at Camp Dennison, Ohio to serve three years. On the expiration of its term of service, the original members, except veterans, were mustered out, and the organization composed of veterans and recruits retained in service until June 20, 1865, when it was mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, in accordance with orders from the War Department. Some of the battles in which this unit participated include:

  • Corinth, MS (Siege), April 30-May 30, 1862
  • Metamora, MS, October 5, 1862
  • Coldwater, MS, April 19, 1863
  • Vicksburg, MS (Siege), May 18-July 4, 1863
  • Jackson, MS, July 9-16, 1863
  • Expedition from Vicksburg to Meridian, MS, February 3-March 5, 1864
  • Kenesaw Mountain, GA, June 9-30, 1864
  • Atlanta, GA (Siege), July 28-September 2, 1864
  • Lovejoy Station, GA, September 2-6, 1864
  • Savannah, GA (Siege), December 10-21, 1864
  • Surrender of Johnston, April 26, 1865

Roster

Sergeant Frederick H. Dibble

Frederick H. Dibble enlisted as a 39 year old Corporal in the 15th Ohio Light Artillery on October 1, 1862, mustering into service the same day. He was promoted to Sergeant December 20, 1864 and was mustered out June 20, 1865 at Columbus, Ohio. He served subsequently in the U.S. Army until December 31, 1870.

Dibble was born in England in 1823, coming to the United States early in life. He married Mary Spafford in Lorain County on December 17, 1846. Before the war, Dibble had worked as a harness-maker, an occupation to which he returned. He died January 21, 1913 in the Soldiers and Sailors Home in Sandusky and is buried in the Elyria Township Cemetery in Lorain County, Ohio.

Letter: Elyria Independent Democrat: July 6, 1864, November 9, 1864

Websites

21st Independent Battery, OVLA

This Battery was mustered into service April 29, 1863, at Camp Dennison, Ohio by J. R. Paxton, Captain 15th Infantry, US Army. On the 8th of May [1863], four of its guns, under command of Captain J. W. Patterson, were sent to West Virginia, and after an arduous campaign were ordered back to Camp Dennison, Ohio. On the 20th of May [1863] the Battery was placed on board the gunboat Exchange, as guard to Vallandigham, who had been banished by the President to the Rebel States. It went as far as Louisville, KY, and was then brought back to Camp Dennison, Ohio. The battery was engaged in the pursuit of Morgan's raid through Indiana and Ohio. On September 23, 1863, the Battery started for Camp Nelson, KY, and from there to Greenville, TN. It took part in the engagement at Walker's Ford, TN, December 2, 1863. The Battery continued on duty in Tennessee and Alabama, performing guard duty until the end of the war. It was mustered out July 21, 1865 at Camp Cleveland, Ohio by Simon Ramsey, Major and ADC.

Roster

Officers

First Lieutenant Harrison L. Holloway

Harrison L. Holloway, age 30 and a native of New York, enlisted on November 19, 1862 for a period of three years service. He was discharged December 15, 1863. After the war, he became a real estate dealer in Toledo. His family included his wife Mary and daughters L. M. and Helen. By 1900, he was a resident of the National Home for Disabled Veterans in Montgomery County, Ohio.

Letters:

Toledo Daily Commercial, 5/22/1863

Non-Commissioned Officers and Enlisted Personnel

First Sergeant William D. Munn

Name not found on roster

Letters:

Toledo Daily Commercial, 4/10/1863, 5/21/1863, 6/9/1863

Websites

A section of this Battery was organized April 1, 1863, and placed on duty at Wheeling, VW, and in Holmes County, Ohio. This section was brought back to Camp Chase, Ohio June 19, 1863, the organization completed, and mustered into service July 14, 1863, by J. L. Proctor, Captain 18th Infantry, US Army. The Battery was sent to Parkersburg, WV, and thence to Wheeling. From Wheeling it moved to Hancock, Maryland, in support of General Kelley. It then returned to Parkersburg, sending out detachments in pursuit of General Morgan, then on his raid through Indiana and Ohio. After the capture of Morgan, the Battery returned to Camp Chase. On the 12th of August 1863, the Battery marched to Camp Nelson, Kentucky, and on September 1 marched toward Cumberland Gap. It arrived in front of the Gap on the 7th of September and thereafter took part in the operations which compelled its surrender. On January 3, 1864, a detachment under command of Lt. A. B. Algers, in company with a force of 350 cavalry, while on a reconnaissance at Jonesville, VA, after twelve hours fighting, was compelled to surrender for want of ammunition. On February 14, 1864, Lt. George W. Taylor was murdered by a Rebel citizen near Barboursville, Kentucky, and on June 21, 1864, Peter Cornell was killed by Rebel guerillas, near Cumberland Gap, Kentucky. On June 27, 1864, the Battery was ordered to Knoxville, Tennessee. On July 5, 1865, it was ordered to Camp Chase, Ohio, where it was mustered out, July 13, 1865, by Joseph Keirn, Lieutenant 6th Cavalry, US Army, in accordance with orders from the War Department.

Roster

Officers

 

 

Captain Amos B. Alger

Amos B. Alger enlisted as a 23 year old Corporal in the 11th Ohio Battery on September 17, 1861, mustering into service October 17, 1861. Promoted to Sergeant then commissioned Second Lieutenant to date November 20, 1862, he resigned his commission February 9, 1863. Returning to Columbus, he received a commission as First Lieutenant in the forming 22nd Ohio Battery, his commission dating to July 14, 1863. Captured January 3, 1864 at the Battle of Jonesville, he was promoted to Captain to date February 19, 1864 and mustered out July 13, 1865 at Camp Chase, Ohio.
Letter: Bucyrus Journal: April 3, 1863

 

 

Websites

This Regiment was mustered into the service as the 117th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in September 1862 at Camp Portsmouth, Ohio, its eight companies aggregating 796 men. In October 1862, the Regiment was ordered to Kentucky, where, for the succeeding seven months it was engaged in guard duty and expeditions against guerrillas. In May 1863, orders were issued by the War Department changing the organization into the First Regiment Heavy Artillery, Ohio Volunteers, and on August 12, 1863, it was so reorganized, with twelve full companies, aggregating 1,839 officers and men. During the process of reorganization, the Regiment constructed the extensive fortifications around Covington and Newport. During the fall and winter of 1863-1864, the Regiment, in battalion detachments, was engaged in guard duty at various points in Kentucky. On February 19, 1864, it started under orders through heavy snow and extreme cold, over the mountains to Knoxville, Tennessee, arriving there March 9. Until September the Regiment was engaged in guarding the railroads through Tennessee, and subsequently participated in Burbridge and Stoneman's raids against Saltville. During the winter of 1864-1865 it was constantly engaged in foraging and fighting guerrillas throughout East Tennessee and North Carolina. Forming a part of the First Brigade, Fourth Division, Army of the Cumberland, the Regiment was engaged in guarding mountain passes and garrisoning captured points in Virginia and North Carolina. After the surrender of Lee and Johnson the Regiment saw service in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Tennessee. On July 25, 1865, it was mustered out of the service at Knoxville, Tennessee in accordance with orders from the War Department.

Battery L, 1st OVHA

This Battery was mustered into service July 30, 1863, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Mustered out July 25, 1865 at Knoxville, Tennessee.

Roster

Officers

First Lieutenant Joshua S. Preble, Battery L

Joshua S. Preble enlisted as a 36 year old First Lieutenant on April 26, 1861 in Company G, 21st Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The short summer campaign in Virginia ended and Lieutenant Preble was mustered out August 12, 1861. Following his stint with the 21st Ohio, he recruited Company K, 65th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and was commissioned Captain November 17, 1861, mustering into service December 10, 1861. He served with this regiment only briefly before resigning his commission effective April 14, 1862. The following year, he was commissioned Captain in Battery L, 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, receiving his commission May 30, 1863 and mustering into service August 12, 1863. Battery L was assigned to the Knoxville, Tennessee area and spent most of the remainder of the war in that vicinity. In the summer of 1864, Battery L was involved in operations targeted against guerillas, Captain Preble's report of which follows below. With the ending of the war, Captain Preble was mustered out of service July 25, 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.

Letter: Hancock Jeffersonian: June 14, 1861

Report of Capt. Joshua S. Preble, First Ohio Heavy Artillery, of the pursuit of the Confederates and skirmish near Murphy, N. C.

HDQRS. CO. L. FIRST OHIO VOL. HEAVY ARTILLERY, Loudon, Tenn., August 5, 1864.

SIR: I have the honor to report that on the 1st day of August, in accordance with instructions from Lieut.-Col. Patterson, commanding post at Loudon, Tenn., I repaired (with Capt. Bivens, commanding a squad of eighty men detailed from Companies M, L, C, and H, First Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, for the purpose of driving a band of guerrillas) to Athens, Tenn. We arrived at the latter place at 12 m. of said day to find the rebels gone. In accordance with my instructions I then took command of the detachment. I pressed all the horses and mules I could find and mounted sixty of my men, and with them and five citizens, at 1.30 p. m., started in pursuit. We pushed on some thirty miles until it became dark, following the trail of the scoundrels, which was a wide one, they having plundered everything indiscriminately which came in their way. At 3 o'clock next morning we again started in pursuit, but owing to the fact that most of my men were poorly mounted, it was impossible for them to keep up.

At 11 a. m. I came up with the enemy near the village of Murphy, in North Carolina, sixty-five miles from Athens. With fifteen of my men, all who had come up, I charged on the enemy. We killed 10 and wounded a number more. We captured 18 horses, 6 mules, 20 guns, 4 revolvers, and 2 small pistols, and a number of other articles. We took no prisoners. It is needless to add that the enemy were completely demoralized and fled in every direction. Our loss was 1 citizen-soldier killed. My men being very much fatigued and our horses completely done up, without rations or forage, I did not deem it advisable to pursue farther, and commenced our return, reaching Athens next day at 2 p. m. and reaching Loudon on the 4th instant.

It is with extreme pleasure I give my testimony to the good conduct of the brave men under my command. For three days, over a very rough and mountainous country, with but one meal, did these brave men toil on, yet not [one] word of murmuring was heard, but all anxious for the fray. I have only to regret that my men were not better mounted, so that they could have "been in at the death," for in that event I think I could have rid the earth of all the cursed gang.

The enemy's force consisted of part of the outlaw and murderer Vaughn's force and numbered sixty-three men, all well mounted, but under whose immediate command I could not learn.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

J. S. PREBLE, Capt. Co. L, First Ohio Vol. Heavy Arty., Cmdg. Detachment.

Non-Commissioned Officers and Enlisted Personnel

Private Edwin Parker, Battery L

Edwin Parker enlisted as a 27 year old Private in Battery L, 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery on June 16, 1863, mustering into service August 12, 1863. He served most of his military career in Kentucky, Tennessee, and southwestern Virginia, mustering out June 2, 1865 at Nashville, Tennessee.

Letter: Hancock Jeffersonian: August 26, 1864

Newspaper Articles about the Unit/Anonymous Letters

"W.H.V." Letter: Norwalk Reflector: July 12, 1864
"W.F." Letter: Hancock Jeffersonian: April 14, 1865

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