Overview of Policies and Law
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities in federally funded schools at all levels. If any part of a school district or college receives any federal funds for any purpose, all of the operations of the district or college are covered by Title IX.
Title IX protects students, employees, applicants for admission and employment, and other persons from all forms of sex discrimination, including discrimination based on gender identity or failure to conform to stereotypical notions of masculinity or femininity. All students (as well as other persons) at recipient institutions are protected by Title IX—regardless of their sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, part- or full-time status, disability, race, or national origin—in all aspects of a recipient’s educational programs and activities.
As part of their obligations under Title IX, all recipients of Federal financial assistance must designate at least one employee to coordinate their efforts to comply with and carry out their responsibilities under Title IX and must notify all students and employees of that employee’s contact information. This employee is generally referred to as the Title IX coordinator.
The essence of Title IX is that an institution may not exclude, separate, deny benefits to, or otherwise treat differently any person on the basis of sex unless expressly authorized to do so under Title IX or the Department’s implementing regulations.
Application of Title IX to Various Issues include:
- Recruitment, Admission, and Counseling
- Financial Assistance
- To see how BGSU is doing in regards to gender equity in athletics visit the Equity in Athletics Data Analysis Website.
- Sex-Based Harassment
- Pregnant and Parenting Students
- Single-Sex Education
You will find more information regarding each of the various issues and how Title IX is applied to them in the resource guide published by the U.S. Department of Education below. This guide will also include information about the Title IX Coordinator, Title IX Administrative Requirements, and Information Collection and Reporting.
Throughout the history of Title IX the U.S. Department of Education published several Dear Colleague Letters that have provided more clarity on the scope of the law and how Title IX is used to protect individuals. You can find these letters below to better understand how BGSU, by law, is meant to protect its students, staff, and faculty members.
The federal Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) prohibits educational institutions from releasing a student’s “education records” without the written consent of the eligible student or his or her parents, except as permitted by the Act. “Education records” are records directly related to a student that are maintained by an education agency or institution or by a party acting for the agency or institution. The term encompasses records such as school transcripts, attendance records, and student disciplinary records. “Education records” covered by FERPA are not limited to “academic performance, financial aid, or scholastic performance.”
A record is considered to be “directly related” to a student if it contains “personally identifiable information.” The latter term is defined broadly: it covers not only obvious identifiers such as student and family member names, addresses, and Social Security Numbers, but also personal characteristics or other information that would make the student’s identity easily linkable. In evaluating records for release, an institution must consider what the records requester already knows about the student to determine if that knowledge, together with the information to be disclosed, would allow the requester to ascertain the student’s identity.’
Ohio’s Open Records and Open Meetings laws, collectively known as the “Sunshine Laws,” give Ohioans access to government meetings and records. The Ohio Attorney General’s Office helps public officials and citizens understand their rights and responsibilities under these laws.