HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide
Section I–Common Health Problems
Vaginal problems include vaginal pain, discharge, abnormal bleeding, irritation, and/or infections. Infections may or may not be sexually transmitted. Common vaginal problems in college age females are listed below.
Signs, Symptoms & Causes
This is an infection from one or more types of bacteria. With this you may have:
This is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. With PID, you have vaginal bleeding with 2 or more of these problems:
This is caused by an overgrowth of the fungus, Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Taking some brands of birth control pills and/or an antibiotic may trigger this overgrowth.
Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are:
This is a reaction to products that irritate the vaginal area, such as harsh detergents, scented items, douches, latex condoms, and tight-fitting clothing. With this, you have itching and redness in the outer genital area without other symptoms.
These include genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. (See signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.)
Treatment for the vaginal problem depends on the cause. Bacterial infections and PID are treated with antibiotics. Fungal infections are treated with antifungal medicines.
Questions to Ask
For Information, Contact:
National Women’s Health Information Center
©2005, 6th edition. American Institute for Preventive Medicine All rights reserved.
March 21, 2007