HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide
Section V – Common Mental Health Problems
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A tendency to become alcoholic is increased if family members are alcoholic. Men and women are about four times more likely to become alcoholic if one of their parents was and ten times more likely if both parents were. Environmental factors also play a role. For example, the more a person drinks, the greater the risk. Also, being able to consume a lot of alcohol (having a high tolerance) is a risk factor, not a safeguard, for alcoholism.
Alcoholism affects the alcoholic’s physical health, emotional well-being and behavior. Alcohol abuse and/or dependence can develop in several ways:
Physical Effects of Alcohol
Emotional and Behavioral Effects of Alcohol
Two prescription medicines are available to help in treatment. One called Naltrexone, blocks the craving for alcohol and the pleasure of getting high. Another one, called Antabuse, causes physical reactions, such as vomiting when drinking alcohol. Antabuse is rarely used.
Questions to Ask
What You Can Do for a Friend or Relative