Students often see proper citation of outside sources as an act separate from the research writing process. For example, even though they may have consulted academic sources throughout their writing process, too often they complete their essays and, then, return to incorporate and document outside ideas. It seems far more logical to convince students that their academic integrity is entwined with continuous, correct attribution of borrowed words and ideas.
This link to the Bowling Green State University Libraries’ “Academic Integrity at BGSU” LibGuide is designed to educate students about the “ethical and fair use of their own and others’ intellectual property.” http://libguides.bgsu.edu/bgsu1000academicintegrity
Getting Started—The Importance of Citations
“Why citation is important”
Kimbel Library has created a memorable video that cleverly explains the necessity of proper citation. http://vimeo.com/13547869
Strategy—Using and Citing Sources
When and how to use quotations
As is noted in this handout from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, “Used effectively, quotations can provide important pieces of evidence and lend fresh voices and perspectives to your narrative. Used ineffectively, however, quotations clutter your text and interrupt the flow of your argument. This handout will help you decide when and how to quote like a pro.” http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/quotations/
Link to BGSU Libraries’ MLA LibGuide
The Bowling Green State University Libraries have compiled a plethora of resources to help students correctly document their sources using Modern Language Association (MLA) style. This page includes directions and examples for creating a Works Cited page as well as parenthetical citations. Additionally, the “Check Cite” immediate feedback questions help ensure that students understand MLA. http://libguides.bgsu.edu/MLA
Link to BGSU Libraries’ APA LibGuide
The Bowling Green State University Libraries have created a guide to American Psychological Association (APA) style. They say, “Here you'll find information about citing books, periodicals, newspapers, and electronic material in your APA reference page, as well as links to information about in-text citation formats.” http://libguides.bgsu.edu/APA
APA citation video
This short video tutorial from the University of Maryland explains why APA requires writers to properly cite their sources. It also explains where to find the information needed for citations. http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/apa_tutorial.cfm
MLA citation video
This short video tutorial from the University of Maryland explains how to properly cite sources in MLA style. http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/mla_tutorial.cfm
MLA Block quotations
One of the finer points of MLA documentation students need to be aware of is when and how to use block quote format. This handout from “English Discourse” gives clear explanations and examples of MLA block quotations. http://www.englishdiscourse.org/block.quotes.htm
Signal Phrases for Introducing Source Material
Idaho State University has provided a handout explaining signal phrases that accurately introduce quotations, paraphrases and summaries in MLA style. This handout also tells how to craft signal phrases in APA, Chicago, and CBE/CSE styles. http://www.isu.edu/success/esol/handouts/Verbs%20Used%20in%20Signal%20Phrases.pdf
Using ellipsis to signal omissions.
Capital Community College Foundation’s Guide to Grammar and Writing guide explains how to use the ellipsis. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/ellipsis.htm
Using brackets to signal substitutions.
This link to “Daily Writing Tips” explains when and how to use brackets. http://www.dailywritingtips.com/when-and-how-to-use-brackets/
What is [sic]?
The Grammarist explains when it is appropriate to use [sic]. http://grammarist.com/usage/sic/
Plagiarism tutorial from University of Southern Mississippi
This multifaceted tutorial from the University of Southern Mississippi offers explanation as well as immediate feedback quizzes to help students understand and recognize plagiarism. This tutorial also provides pre and post quizzes whose results can be e-mailed to anyone. http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/plagiarismtutorial.php
Immediate Feedback plagiarism quiz from Clark College
This quiz/tutorial unit from Clark College allows students to check their existing knowledge of plagiarism and then immediately access specific explanations to remediate areas of weakness. http://www.clark.edu/Library/iris/quiz/plagiarism_quiz_home.php